Plant Care

Why Do Jasmine Flowers Turn Brown? [5 Surprising Reasons]

Jasmine flowers are renowned for their exquisite beauty and captivating fragrance. However, it can be disheartening to witness these delicate flower buds turn brown.

In this blog post, we will explore the common causes behind jasmine flowers turning brown and provide valuable insights on how to prevent this issue from occurring.

Jasmine flowers turn brown due to environmental factors, pests, diseases, and nutrient deficiencies. Extreme temperatures, sunlight overexposure, and fungal diseases like botrytis blight contribute to browning. Nutrient deficiencies, especially potassium, also impact flower health. Proper care, including adequate watering, sun protection, pest control, and balanced nutrition, can help prevent Jasmine flowers from turning brown.

Insufficient WaterInadequate watering leading to dehydration and premature drying of the flowers.
Water StressInconsistent watering or inadequate water supply causing flower dehydration.
OverwateringExcessive watering causing root suffocation, root rot, and poor nutrient uptake.
Root RotFungal growth due to waterlogged soil, resulting in root decay and flower browning.
Fungal DiseasesInfection by fungal pathogens like botrytis blight or powdery mildew, leading to flower discoloration, spots, or wilting.

Common Causes of Jasmine Flowers Turning Brown

When it comes to the browning of jasmine buds and flowers, several factors can be at play. Understanding these common causes is essential for effectively addressing the issue and preserving the beauty of your jasmine plant.

1. Overexposure to Sunlight

Jasmine plants thrive in partial shade, and excessive exposure to direct sunlight leads to excessive heat buildup, especially during peak sunlight hours. The intense sunlight and heat stress will scorch the flowers, causing them to turn brown and wither.

Additionally, ultraviolet (UV) radiation can lead to photodamage, affecting the cells and pigments within the buds and flowers, amplifying this damaging effect on the jasmine plant tissues. This damage can manifest as browning or discoloration of the flowers.

Sunburn is more likely to occur when the plants are not acclimated to high light intensity or when sudden temperature spikes occur.

High temperatures can cause heat stress in Jasmine plants, especially when combined with dry conditions. Heat stress can lead to accelerated water loss through transpiration, resulting in dehydration of the buds and flowers. The lack of adequate moisture can cause the buds to dry out, wilt, and eventually turn brown or crispy.


  • Provide shading or partial shade to your jasmine during the hottest parts of the day, especially in regions with intense sunlight.
  • Position jasmine plants in areas that receive morning or late afternoon sunlight, while avoiding prolonged exposure to the harsh midday sun.
  • Consider using shade cloth, trellises, or other structures to provide additional protection from direct sunlight.
  • Maintain adequate soil moisture levels through regular watering to mitigate the effects of heat stress.
  • Choose Jasmine cultivars that are more tolerant of sun exposure or suited to the local climate conditions.
  • Alternatively, you can provide shade using a thin cloth or a trellis.

2. Inadequate Watering

Insufficient watering can cause jasmine flowers to dry out and turn brown. When our jasmine does not receive enough water, it will lead to water stress.

As a response, the jasmine will try to preserve the remaining water by prioritizing essential functions, such as maintaining foliage and root health. As a result, the buds and flowers may not receive adequate moisture and nutrients, causing them to turn brown and wither.

It is crucial to maintain a consistent level of moisture in the soil without overwatering. Water the plant deeply, ensuring the water penetrates the root zone.

On the other hand, overwatering can also cause jasmine flowers to turn brown. When the soil is constantly waterlogged, it lacks proper oxygenation, and the jasmine roots may suffocate and develop root rot. As the roots are unable to take up nutrients and water properly, the buds and flowers turn brown and wither.

Overwatering can also promote the development of fungal diseases, such as botrytis blight. Excessive moisture on the flowers provides a favorable environment for fungal growth and infection.


  • Check the moisture level of the soil before watering to ensure it is neither too dry nor waterlogged.
  • Water your jasmine deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to partially dry out between waterings.
  • Allow proper water drainage by using well-draining soil or containers with drainage holes.
  • Adjust the watering frequency based on environmental conditions, such as temperature and humidity.
  • Avoid overhead watering, which can promote fungal diseases and damage the delicate floral parts.
  • Monitor your jasmine closely and make adjustments to the watering routine as needed.
  • Additionally, consider applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of the jasmine to retain moisture.
Jasmine VarietyWater Needs
Jasminum sambacModerate to regular watering. Keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Avoid letting the soil dry out completely between waterings.
Jasminum officinaleModerate watering. Maintain slightly moist soil, allowing the top inch to dry out before watering again. Avoid overwatering or waterlogged conditions.
Jasminum polyanthumModerate to regular watering. Keep the soil evenly moist, but avoid waterlogging. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out slightly between waterings.
Jasminum grandiflorumModerate watering. Maintain slightly moist soil, allowing the top inch to dry out before watering again. Avoid overwatering or waterlogged conditions.
Jasminum nudiflorumLow to moderate watering. These plants are more drought-tolerant once established. Water deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out partially between waterings.
Jasminum mesnyiModerate watering. Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid excessive moisture. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

3. Fungal Infections

Fungal diseases, such as botrytis blight, can affect jasmine flowers, causing them to develop brown patches. These infections are often favored by high humidity levels and poor air circulation.

Fungal DiseaseCausesSymptomsPrevention and Control
Botrytis BlightFungal infectionBrowning, spotting, wilting, fuzzy growthEnsure good air circulation, avoid overhead watering, practice sanitation, use fungicides if needed
Powdery MildewFungal infectionPowdery growth, browning, wiltingReduce humidity, provide adequate air circulation, practice sanitation, use fungicides if needed

Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of botrytis blight, is a fungal pathogen that infects the flowers and other plant parts.

It thrives in moist conditions and can rapidly spread in humid environments. When the fungus comes into contact with Jasmine flowers, it infects the tissues and starts to grow, leading to the development of the disease.

Botrytis blight often manifests as browning or spotting of the affected Jasmine flowers. Initially, small brown spots may appear on the petals, which gradually enlarge and merge, leading to the browning of larger areas. The infected flowers may also exhibit a fuzzy or grayish mold growth.

Botrytis blight is highly contagious, and the fungal spores can spread easily through air movement, water splashes, or contact with other infected plant parts.

The disease can rapidly spread within a plant and also affect nearby plants, leading to widespread infection of Jasmine flowers if left untreated.


  • For treating fungal infections, ensure proper spacing between jasmine plants to allow for adequate airflow.
  • Ensure good air circulation around the plants by spacing them appropriately and pruning dense foliage.
  • Avoid overhead watering, as wet foliage creates a conducive environment for fungal growth.
  • Remove and destroy any infected plant material promptly to prevent the spread of spores.
  • If fungal issues persist, consider applying an appropriate fungicide following the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Maintain proper plant hygiene and sanitation practices by cleaning tools and removing fallen debris.

4. Nutrient Deficiencies

Deficiencies in essential nutrients can manifest as browning of jasmine flowers. Lack of potassium, phosphorus or iron can contribute to discoloration and poor flower development.

NutrientDeficiency SymptomsImpact on Jasmine FlowersPrevention and Control
Potassium (K)Water stress, reduced flower turgidityBrowning and wilting of flowersApply potassium-rich fertilizers, maintain proper soil pH and moisture
Phosphorus (P)Stunted growth, poor flower developmentBrowning and reduced flower sizeApply phosphorus-rich fertilizers, maintain proper soil pH and moisture
Iron (Fe)Yellowing, browning of flowersDiscoloration and poor flower healthApply iron chelate or iron-rich fertilizers, maintain proper soil pH
MicronutrientsVarious deficiencies, depending on the nutrientBrowning, discoloration, and distorted flowersApply micronutrient-specific fertilizers, maintain proper soil pH and moisture


  • Perform a soil test to identify nutrient deficiencies and adjust the fertilization program accordingly.
  • Use a balanced and appropriate fertilizer formulation for Jasmine plants, considering their specific nutrient requirements.
  • Ensure proper soil pH as it affects nutrient availability to the plants.
  • Maintain proper soil moisture to facilitate nutrient uptake by the roots.
  • Add organic matter or compost to improve nutrient content and soil fertility.
  • Monitor your jasmine health and appearance, addressing any nutrient deficiencies promptly through targeted fertilization or foliar applications.

Fertilize the jasmine plant regularly using a balanced fertilizer, focusing on the specific nutrient requirements indicated by the soil test results. Follow the recommended application rates to avoid over-fertilization, which can lead to other issues.

5. Pests and Insect Infestation

Certain pests, such as aphids or spider mites, can damage jasmine flowers, causing them to turn brown and wilt. These tiny insects feed on the plant sap, weakening the flowers and making them susceptible to diseases.

  1. Thrips: Thrips are tiny insects that feed on flower buds and petals. They pierce the plant tissue and suck out the sap, causing damage that can result in browning or discoloration of jasmine flowers.
  2. Spider Mites: Spider mites are tiny arachnids that feed on plant tissues by piercing cells and extracting sap. Heavy infestations can cause jasmine flowers to develop a stippled or bronzed appearance and eventually turn brown.
  3. Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on plant sap. Their feeding activities can cause distortions, discoloration, and stunted growth of jasmine flowers, leading to browning or wilting.


Regularly inspect the jasmine plant for signs of pest infestation and take appropriate measures to control them. Consider using organic pest control methods, such as insecticidal soaps or neem oil, to protect the plant without harming beneficial insects.

ThripsTiny insects that feed on flower buds and petalsApply insecticidal soap or horticultural oil
Use reflective mulch to deter thrips
Spider MitesTiny arachnids that suck sap from plant tissuesSpray plants with a strong stream of water to dislodge mites
Apply insecticidal soap or horticultural oil
AphidsSmall, soft-bodied insects that feed on plant sapApply insecticidal soap or neem oil
Introduce ladybugs or parasitic wasps
WhitefliesSmall, winged insects that feed on the undersides of leavesUse yellow sticky traps to monitor and catch whiteflies

How to Prevent Jasmine Buds from Turning Brown

Prevent Jasmine Flower Buds from Turning Brown

Preventing the browning of jasmine buds requires a combination of proper care and proactive measures. By implementing specific strategies tailored to each cause, you can ensure the longevity and vibrancy of your jasmine flowers.

Provide Adequate Shade 

To prevent excessive sun exposure, ensure that the jasmine plant receives partial shade during the hottest parts of the day. This can be achieved by moving the plant to a more shaded area or providing artificial shade using cloth or trellis.

Maintain Proper Watering

Establish a consistent watering schedule for the jasmine plant, ensuring that the soil remains evenly moist but not waterlogged. Deep watering encourages healthy root development and helps prevent browning of the flowers. Mulching around the plant can also aid in retaining soil moisture.

Ensure Good Air Circulation

Proper spacing between jasmine plants allows for better air circulation, reducing the chances of fungal infections. Prune any overcrowded branches or stems to improve airflow within the plant. This practice helps to keep the foliage dry, preventing the development of fungal diseases.

Implement Proper Nutrient Management

Conduct a soil test to identify any nutrient deficiencies in the soil. Based on the results, amend the soil with the necessary nutrients to ensure healthy growth and vibrant flowers. Regularly fertilize the jasmine plant with a balanced fertilizer that meets its specific nutrient requirements. Remember to follow the recommended application rates to avoid nutrient imbalances or over-fertilization.

Practice Integrated Pest Management

Implement an integrated pest management (IPM) approach to prevent pest infestations. This involves using a combination of cultural, biological, and chemical control methods. Regularly monitor the jasmine plant for pests and promptly address any infestations. 

Encourage natural predators, such as ladybugs or lacewings, which feed on common jasmine pests. If necessary, use organic insecticides or soaps that specifically target the pests while minimizing harm to beneficial insects.

Provide Proper Pruning and Maintenance

Regular pruning helps maintain the health and shape of the jasmine plant. Remove dead or diseased branches, as they can harbor pests or diseases. Pruning also promotes better airflow and light penetration, reducing the risk of fungal infections. 

Additionally, remove any spent flowers to prevent the plant from wasting energy on seed production and encourage continuous blooming.

Monitor and Adjust Environmental Conditions

Pay attention to environmental factors that can impact the health of jasmine flowers. Avoid exposing the plant to extreme temperatures or sudden fluctuations. Maintain moderate humidity levels and provide good air circulation. 

Consider using a humidifier or misting the plant during dry periods. Protect the jasmine plant from cold drafts or frost, as they can cause browning of flowers.

Regular Inspection and Maintenance

Regularly inspect the jasmine plant for any signs of stress, disease, or pest infestation. Promptly address any issues to prevent them from escalating. Stay vigilant and take proactive measures to maintain the overall health and vigor of the plant.

By following these preventive measures and providing optimal care, you can minimize the occurrence of your jasmine flowers going brown and enjoy its beautiful blooms for an extended period.

Andreea Tapu

Andreea TAPU is a passionate gardener with over 5 years of experience in cultivating a wide variety of plants and flowers in her garden. As the author and creator of, she is dedicated to sharing her knowledge and expertise with others, providing practical tips and advice to help gardeners of all levels achieve success and enjoyment in their gardening pursuits.