Grow Vegetable

Why Are Beets Growing Above Ground? (Here is the Answer)

Do you wonder why your beets grow above ground? You’ve come to the right place for answers!
So, whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, in this article we will show you different reasons why beets may be growing above ground and how to fix this issue.

Reasons why your beets are growing above ground:
1. Tough soil
2. They are ready to harvest
3. Temperature inconsistencies
4. Overcrowding
5. Lack of Sunlight
6. Not Enough Water
7. Rocks

1.Tough soil

Soil that is incredibly difficult for beets to breathe in is one example of a problematic growth situation. Gravel-filled and severely compacted soil needs adequate space for beetroot seedlings to thrive. As a result, they sought solace by growing above the ground.

For healthy growth, beet plants require loose, well-drained soil. The beet roots may find it difficult to penetrate when the soil is very compact. The beet roots may push through the soil and emerge above it as a result.

Several distinct variables can contribute to compact soil. Rainfalls or irrigation that can compact the soil are two prominent causes. Compacting the soil can also be done by using large machinery like tractors or lawn mowers.

This is a concern since they cannot obtain the necessary nutrients for above-ground growth, resulting in the plant’s demise.

To alleviate this condition, consider mulching and mowing the soil regularly. Before planting beets, make sure that you prepare your soil bed correctly in advance and avoid stepping on the bedding as this might lead to compacted earth.

The soil should be organically supported with enough compost, free of small rocks and gravel, and sufficiently aerated to enable enough space for the beetroots to absorb nutrients.

Also, when planting at improper depth as a result of tough soil, beets may push up through the soil as they grow. To prevent this make sure to plant beets at a depth of 2 inches and try to keep the soil moist until the seedlings have emerged.

2. They Are Ready To Harvest

If you believe that the soil you are using to grow your beets is solid enough and does not require any modification following the parameters stated above. This implies that your beets are growing above ground because it is finally time to pick your beets. Your plants are communicating this to you.

Harvesting beets correctly is critical because it is the final stage before you can consume them, and your hard work depends on whether or not you harvest your beets correctly.

So when is the best time to harvest beets?

This is a common question among beet gardeners. One is what we’ve been talking about, when they start growing above ground. Many users love to harvest beets when they are still tiny (about 2″ in diameter) rather than when they are completely developed.

Small beets taste sweeter and provide the same health benefits as fully-grown local grocery beets. Beets can be consumed at any stage of development.

If you don’t like their sweetness, you can pick the plant when it’s about 4″ in diameter, when it grows above the ground, and when it has a neutral flavor, waiting for the beet to grow larger than this before harvesting results in nothing to harvest.

Does you beet leaves turn yellow? If so, I have exactly the solution to your problem in this article!

3. Temperature Inconsistencies

Beets may grow above ground if they experience temperature inconsistencies and changes. The warmer temperatures may cause the floor to expand, which allows beets to grow up instead of down.

As a cool-season crop, beets appreciate temperatures of 60 to 65°F (15 to 18°C). The beet roots may push through the soil and emerge above ground if temperatures are too high.

Beets are a plant that needs consistent temperatures to grow. When the temperature varies too much, the plant will stop growing and die. This could happen because of a sudden weather change or an unaddressed heating system.

Beets can start growing above ground even when it’s cold. This is because of a phenomenon called term perception, which causes the beetroots to perceive heat from the soil, even when it does not exist.

Beets can sense the temperature of their surroundings through the roots and stems, which contain receptors that detect temperature changes.

Beetroot plants can also grow above ground during cold winters. The roots can maintain a constant temperature despite fluctuations in air temperatures and use this ability to survive harsh winters.

4. Overcrowding

Beet plants require space to expand. If they are planted too tightly together, there may not be enough area for the roots to descend and expand. The beet roots may push through the soil and emerge above ground as a result.

If your beets are ready to harvest, but are coming out of the ground very small, it’s probably because they were planted too close together.

It’s crucial to plant beets according to the suggested spacing instructions on the seed packet or seedling tag. Make sure there is 10cm between seedlings and then 25cm between rows.

Consider a large, round beet maturing, only to bump up against a neighbor with nowhere else to grow. This will make your beetroots grow above ground in search of more space.

Packing as many plants as feasible into a small space is tempting, but beets require a lot of space.

Sow seeds or transfer seedlings with a minimum of three inches between them and at least 12 inches between rows.

Red leaves on beets are not a good sign, but don’t worry because here are the steps you should take to fix this issue!

5. Lack of Sunlight

Beets require a lot of sunlight, and if they don’t get enough, their roots can become deformed, or they might grow above ground in search of light. Typically, the tops will be smaller than usual, lean, and lighter in color.

The solution, of course, is to cultivate your beets in areas with at least six hours of sunlight per day. If caught early enough, this is one of those issues you can resolve.

If you planted beside a tree or bush that grew larger as the season proceeded, you could cut it back to allow more light into your garden.

When your beets grow in a container, relocate them to a more suitable location.

6. Not Enough Water

Beets start growing above ground if their roots cannot absorb enough water. This can happen in drought conditions when the soil is too dry for the roots to absorb and store water. In addition, beets require 60% humidity to grow.

When the soil is too dry, it can cause the beet roots to push up through the soil and grow above ground.

To avoid this, water plants regularly and don’t allow them to dry up completely. The soil should have the consistency of a well-wrung-out sponge.

Mulching is also essential since it may keep soil moisture in the beets’ root zone.

The soil will be wet and the beets roots will have enough water to develop downward, preventing the beets from growing above ground, if adequate water is provided.

If you poke your finger inside the dirt and it feels dry after about an inch, it’s time to bring out the hose. Rather than spraying the foliage, water at the soil level.

7. Rocks

If your soil is rough, your beets may be pushed to grow around any rocks that get in their way. It may also force them to rise above the ground to avoid the rocks.

This can cause them to be smaller at maturity than they could have been in a better soil, forcing them to grow in unusual forms.

To avoid this, dig 9 inches into the soil before planting and remove any pebbles you find.

Beets are one of the easiest root vegetables to grow in your garden and one of the most rewarding. Beets can be grown almost anywhere and are easy to harvest.

Beet Growth Requirements

Beet Growth RequirementsDescription
When to plantEnd spring.
Autumn is the season indicated for the growth of beetroot.
Recommended space for planting in pots4 liters
How long does it take to harvest from plantingFrom 60 to 120 days
Minimum pot depth25cm
Distance between one plant and another in the gardenOne by one directly in the ground every 2-3 cm in furrows spaced 25 to 30 cm apart.
Distance between planting lines in the orchard30cm
Soil TypeThey need fertile soil, hopefully high in potassium. 
Rich, clayey-sandy soil, slightly calcareous. Avoid stony ground.
Soil plow depthThe soil is dug up to a depth of 20-25 centimeters. 
Soil PreparationIf the site has heavy soil, it can be lightened with peat and sand. 
If there is excessive acidity on the site, you can deoxidize the soil with lime or dolomite powder.
Humus can be applied as a fertilizer at the rate of 3-4 kg per 1 sq m.
SunlightThe beetroot or beetroot needs semi-shade. 
TemperatureIts optimum temperature is between 59-62°F (15 and 18°C). 
They tolerate mild frosts.
WaterBeetroot needs cool, moist weather conditions. 
Therefore, it is recommended in summer, especially, to water them with plenty of water.
Best predecessorsEarly-harvested crops, including cucumbers, zucchini, early cabbage, early potatoes, early varieties of eggplant and sweet pepper, early tomatoes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Where is the best place to grow beets?

Sunlight is important for beets. With its lack of large root crops can not be obtained. Therefore, place the beet garden in an open, well-warmed, sunny place. Beetroot is a cold-resistant crop, so it is not afraid of either northern winds or drafts.

Where can beets be grown?

Beetroot can be sown in any soil, but deep, loamy, loose soils, with good drainage and a good amount of organic fertilizer are the most suitable for its cultivation.

How long does it take for beets to grow?

Beets of medium ripeness become mature in 80-110 days. These root crops are harvested from the field in the middle or at the end of the last summer month. Late-ripening varieties ripen within 110-135 days. They persist until spring, and the time when beets are harvested is at the end of September or mid-October.

Andreea Tapu

Andreea TAPU is a passionate gardener with over 5 years of experience in cultivating a wide variety of plants and flowers in her garden. As the author and creator of, she is dedicated to sharing her knowledge and expertise with others, providing practical tips and advice to help gardeners of all levels achieve success and enjoyment in their gardening pursuits.